Purpose of Training
Training is to modify your canine’s behaviour to fit in with human society, while still keeping him (so you) happy. The first and most significant training is housetraining.
Basic Training Principles
Be consistent. Be very patient. If you get angry or impatient your pet will sense this and become anxious and not able to learn anything unless you calm down. Get all family to utilize the same command words for exactly the same actions. Keep training sessions short, specially when the puppy is young. Rewards less difficult more efficient for training than punishment. The reward can be verbal, petting or possibly a short game. It does not need to be a food treat. Initially you need to reward very slight steps towards desired behaviour as from the beginning your pet won’t determine what he is expected to do.
Remember that dogs don’t actually think like humans. Sometimes you’ll want to try and think as being a dog, to determine his perspective, so that you can train him successfully.
This should start once the puppy arrives, even at 7 weeks old; otherwise it should unlearn behaviors. A very young puppy is anxious to thrill, as long as he understands what you want.
Obedience training – Basic commands
The usual commands are: Sit, Down (i.e. lie down), Stay, Recall (Come). A dog should also discover how to walk to heel and walk on the lead. You may also need to teach him never to chase cats, cars, etc and not to bark excessively. You can find the word to work with per command though the whole family should be consistent.
This is an extremely important command. Get your puppy used to a collar and leash first. Then, with a training line at least 15 feet long, take him outside to some place without distractions. Stand several feet from him and pull him gently in your direction. When he reaches you reward him by petting him for some seconds. At this stage in training you don’t should say anything. Repeat this a few times. Initial workout sessions should be short as his attention span is extremely limited. Repeat these sessions until he comes to you once you tug the road. Giving treats may profit the training if your puppy finds this tough to learn.
Once he’s got mastered this say ‘come’ (or maybe your chosen word) as you tug the queue. Repeat this until he comes to you for the command alone with no tug on the line. Then try him out without the queue. If he doesn’t obey return to using the road for a short while.
Be realistic. If he or she is playing with another puppy he will not even hear you call at first, so save your breath, otherwise he’ll just learn that they will get away with disobeying you.
The same principles affect another commands. It may be slow initially until it dawns on him what he’s anticipated to do for every command word. (We had one dog that learned to take a seat on command almost accidentally, by copying our older dog)
Socialization & Training Classes
Your puppy needs to be socialized with folks when he or she is very young. He has to meet as many new people and places as you possibly can. Take him with you whenever you can, on the park, the institution gates, shopping, even to work. After the puppy has been feeling relaxed at home, encourage your sons or daughters to create their friends in order to meet the puppy.
Dogs that are not well socialized will be very nervous with strangers or new situations and this might be very difficult to put right once it develops.
Training courses are very beneficial even though you have trained dogs before, as different dogs have different personalities and wish slightly various ways. Also your canine gets an opportunity to socialize with plenty of other dogs, and also you can make certain that he’ll behave well when he meets other dogs all the time or park.
Collar and Lead training
Your dog must discover how to walk beside you without pulling. He should not normally walk in front of you when around the lead and will follow as soon as you through doors (you’re boss, not him). A conventional collar and lead gives superior control compared to a harness. With some dogs a ‘halti’ type collar will make training him easier.
Having said this, if your pet pulls backwards and slips his collar off you may have to work with a harness rather than a collar.
Using professional dog trainers
Don’t just pick one arbitrarily. Ask the trainer if you’re able to observe a class. Then check:
Are the dogs happy?
Are the folks enjoying themselves?
How many dogs per trainer? Ideally there needs to be no greater than six.
Is the venue secure and clean?
Ask the trainer what educational organizations she or he is associated with.
If you desire more than just basic training you will have to find a trainer who is competent for the reason that sort of training. There are many kinds of advanced training: agility, rescue dog, search dog, gun dog, helper dog to get a disabled person etc.
Dogs vary hugely inside the level of exercise they want, depending mainly on your pet’s type and age. Toy dogs could get enough exercise playing in your apartment, but other dogs need to be removed regularly.
Many behaviour problems in dogs arise because your pet does not get enough exercise. If you can’t let your canine off of the lead keep him around the lead but provide him with the exercise and stimulation he needs. Don’t use bad weather just as one excuse! Get the right clothing for that weather, for yourself and, as appropriate, for your dog.
If you need to energetic dog using his energy by doing offers is fun. The traditional dog ball is good. A ball thrower permits you to send the ball much further and saves bending down. Frisbees and balls designed to never bounce straight will also be good fun.